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  • 木托盤共享在中國運行狀況
  • 本站編輯:杭州余杭君翔包裝制品有限公司 發布日期:2020-12-16 10:35 瀏覽次數:

木托盤的重復多次利用,為節能減排做出貢獻與物流緊密相隨,特別是運輸包裝系統的標準化、單元化、模塊化、信息化、共享化及作業一貫化已成為必然趨勢,統合包裝物流和實施整體包裝解決方案已成為現實需求,而實現運輸包裝系統的循環共用則是節能減排的最現實和最有效的手段之一。

The repeated use of wooden pallets contributes to energy saving and emission reduction, which is closely associated with logistics, especially the standardization, unit, modularization, informatization, sharing and operation consistency of transportation and packaging system has become an inevitable trend. The integration of packaging logistics and the implementation of overall packaging solutions has become a practical demand, and the realization of recycling and sharing of transportation packaging system is energy saving and emission reduction One of the most realistic and effective means.

國家工業和信息化部的報告,我國機電產品一次性木包裝如木托盤,年費用約6000億元人民幣,對自然資源和社會資源都是巨大的浪費。工信部對此提出了“節林代木和提高節能與綜合利用水平”的要求,國家領導人為此還做出批示。根據國外的成功經驗和我們的具體實踐證明,通過運輸包裝系統的循環共享使用可以真正實現資源節約、環境友好和成本降低的目的。以木托盤為基礎,建立中國木托盤共用系統正當其時。 據中國物流和采購聯合會的報告,我國的物流費用約占GDP的18%,遠高于歐美日韓等國約8%的水平。這其中,有相當一部分可以通過運輸包裝(木托盤)的循環共用和提高物流效率,即通過建立和運營全國性的共用系統以減少木托盤或木包裝箱等包裝器具和包裝材料等的資源消耗,節約能源,減少倉儲時間,減少貨損,簡化管理,提高周轉效率,減少資金占用,降低物流費用。 同時,運輸包裝作為生產制造環節與物流環節的紐帶,也已成為整合供應鏈、提高物流效率的關鍵環節,其運營方式還關系到資源利用效率、經濟性,甚至是安全性。木托盤是運輸包裝系統的最基本組件,被稱為移動的地面,通用性強,基礎作用明顯,與各產業的關聯度高。掌握了托盤的運營就可以很自然地深入到企業供應鏈,對物質流向、價格經濟信息等一清二楚。通過對托盤共用系統在多個產業應用信息的挖掘,甚至能了解一個國家的大體經濟運行情況,可以獲得非常多和有價值的戰略情報。因此,各國政府都對托盤共用系統建設和運營非常重視,都會出臺相關政策,并提供政府資金支持。 一般認為,一個國家的托盤擁有總量是衡量其物流現代化水平的標志之一。據有關方面介紹,美國擁有托盤約20億個,日本約8億個,并且建立托盤共用系統。一個國家通常只有一、二個共用系統,在政府的扶持下由專業公司運作,它擁有一定數量的托盤,在全國各地建立運營服務中心和回收網絡,負責對托盤的回收和維護。

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According to the report of the Ministry of industry and information technology of the people's Republic of China, the annual cost of disposable wooden packaging of mechanical and electrical products, such as wooden pallet, is about 600 billion yuan, which is a huge waste of natural resources and social resources. The Ministry of industry and information technology has put forward the requirements of "saving forest and substituting trees and improving the level of energy conservation and comprehensive utilization", and the state leaders also gave instructions for this. According to the successful experience of foreign countries and our specific practice, it is proved that the purpose of resource saving, environment-friendly and cost reduction can be realized through the circulation and sharing of transportation packaging system. It is the right time to establish a common system of Chinese wooden pallets based on wooden pallets. According to the report of China Federation of logistics and purchasing, China's logistics cost accounts for about 18% of GDP, which is much higher than the level of 8% in Europe, America, Japan, South Korea and other countries. A considerable part of this can be achieved through the circulation and sharing of transportation packaging (wooden pallet) and improve the logistics efficiency, that is, through the establishment and operation of a national common system, the resource consumption of packaging equipment and packaging materials such as wooden pallet or wooden packing box can be reduced, energy saving, storage time reducing, goods damage reducing, management simplified, turnover efficiency improved and capital occupation reduced, Reduce logistics costs. At the same time, as the link between manufacturing and logistics, transportation packaging has become a key link to integrate supply chain and improve logistics efficiency. Its operation mode is also related to resource utilization efficiency, economy, and even security. Wooden pallet is the most basic component of transportation and packaging system, known as the mobile ground, with strong versatility, obvious basic role and high correlation with various industries. Mastering the operation of pallets can naturally go deep into the enterprise supply chain, and have a clear understanding of material flow direction, price and economic information. By mining the application information of pallet sharing system in many industries, we can even understand the general economic operation of a country, and obtain a lot of valuable strategic information. Therefore, governments all over the world attach great importance to the construction and operation of pallet sharing system, and will issue relevant policies and provide government financial support. It is generally believed that the total number of pallets owned by a country is one of the signs to measure the level of logistics modernization. According to the relevant authorities, the United States has about 2 billion pallets and Japan has about 800 million pallets, and has established a pallet sharing system. A country usually has only one or two shared systems, which are operated by professional companies with the support of the government. It has a certain number of pallets, and establishes operation service centers and recycling networks throughout the country to be responsible for the recovery and maintenance of pallets.

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